Zoning Bylaw No. 12375

Section 11 - Single & Two Dwelling Zones

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Last Updated: 
September 26, 2022
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Section 11 - Single & Two Dwelling Zones
Section 11.1 Zone Purposes
Section 11.1 Zone Purposes
ZonesPurposes
RU1 – Large Lot HousingThe purpose is to provide a zone for single detached housing, and compatible secondary uses, on larger serviced urban lots.
RU2 – Medium Lot HousingThe purpose is to provide a zone for single detached housing, and compatible secondary uses, on medium sized serviced urban lots.
RU3 – Small Lot HousingThe purpose is to provide a zone for single detached housing, and compatible secondary uses, on smaller serviced urban lots.
RU4 – Duplex HousingThe purpose is to provide a zone for duplex and semi-detachment housing with compatible secondary uses, on larger serviced urban lots.
RU5 – Multiple Single Detached HousingThe purpose is to provide a zone for multiple single detached homes, and compatible secondary uses, on a single serviced urban lot.
Section 11.2 Sub-Zones
Section 11.2 Sub-Zones
ZonesSub-ZonesPurpose
RU1 – Large Lot HousingRU1c – Large Lot Housing with Carriage HouseThe purpose is to provide a sub-zone is to allow for a carriage houses on selective properties.
RU1cc – Large Lot Housing with Child Care Centre, MajorThe purpose is to provide a sub-zone for RU1 lots to allow child care centre, major on a case-by-case basis were supported by OCP policy.
RU2 – Medium Lot HousingRU2c – Medium Lot Housing with Carriage HouseThe purpose is to provide a sub-zone is to allow for a carriage houses on selective properties.
RU2cc – Medium Lot Housing with Child Care Centre, Major
The purpose is to provide a sub-zone for RU2 lots to allow child care centre, major on a case-by-case basis were supported by OCP policy.
RU3 – Small Lot Housingn/an/a
RU4 – Duplex HousingRU4b – Duplex Housing with Boarding or Lodging HouseThe purpose is to provide a sub-zone for RU4 lots to allow for boarding or lodging house land uses on a case-by-case basis were supported by OCP policy.
RU4hc - Duplex Housing with Heritage CommercialThe purpose is to provide a sub-zone for the preservation of land and buildings that have heritage value for low density residential uses to expand into complimentary commercial uses related to health services, and minor retail activities.
RU4cc – Duplex Housing with Child Care Centre, MajorThe purpose is to provide a sub-zone for RU4 lots to allow child care centre, major on a case-by-case basis were supported by OCP policy.
RU5 – Multiple Single Detached Housingn/an/a
Section 11.3 Permitted Land Uses
Section 11.3 Permitted Land Uses
UsesZones
('P' = Principal Use, 'S' = Secondary Use, '-' = Not Permitted)
RU1RU2RU3RU4RU5
Accessory Buildings or StructuresSSSSS
Agriculture, UrbanPPPPP
Bed and Breakfast HomesS .9 , .10S .9 , .10S .9 , .10S .9 , .10-
Boarding or Lodging House---P (RU4b only)-
Carriage HouseS .7 , .9S .7 , .9-S .2 , .7 , .9-
Child Care Centre, MajorS .3S .3-S .3S .3
Child Care Centre, MinorSSSSS
Duplex Housing---P .2-
Group HomePPPPP
Health Services---P (RU4hc only) .4-
Home-Based Business, MajorSS-SS
Home-Based Business, MinorSSSSS
Retail---S (RU4hc only) .5-
Secondary SuiteS .6  , .9S .6  , .9S .6  , .9S .2 , .6  , .9S .9
Semi-Detached Housing---P .2-
Short-Term Rental AccommodationsS .10S .10S .10S .10S
Single Detached HousingP .1P .1P .1P .2P .8
FOOTNOTES (Section 11.3):
.1 Maximum one single detached house per lot, strata lot or bareland strata lot.
.2 Each dwelling unit (a single detached house, a duplex unit, or a semi-detached unit) is permitted to have one secondary use (a secondary suite or a carriage house). Each lot can have a maximum of two principal dwelling units (ex. two single detached houses, one duplex, or a semi-detached building).
.3 The lot must have a child care sub-zone ‘cc’ on the property for a child care centre, major to be permitted.
.4 The health services use shall not generate more than two (2) clients to the site from which the business is being operated at any given time.
.5 The retail use shall be limited to those uses related to arts, crafts, or cultural activities such as souvenir, craft, or gift shops, bookstores, art galleries, or photography studios. Individual general retail services are limited to a maximum net floor area of 100 m2.
.6 Secondary suites must be on a lot serviced with community water.
.7 For a lot located outside the Core Area, the lot must have a carriage house sub-zone ‘c’ on the property for a carriage house to be permitted. For a lot located within the Core Area, a carriage house is a permitted secondary use without the necessity of the sub-zone. Carriage houses must be on a lot serviced with community sanitary sewer and community water, except, carriage houses are permitted on lots without community sanitary sewer services if the lot area is at least 10,000 m2
.8 The maximum density shall be three (3) units per 1,000 m2. The maximum density is one (1) unit per 1,000 m2 if the lot is not connected to community sanitary sewer and community water. 
.9 Only one of these secondary uses shall be permitted at any one time per principal dwelling unit: bed & breakfast, secondary suite, or carriage house
.10 Short-term rental accommodation is not permitted in combination with a bed and breakfast home.
Section 11.4 Subdivision Regulations
Section 11.4 Subdivision Regulations
m = metres / m2 = square metres
 Zones
RU1 .1RU2 .1RU3 .1RU4 .1RU5
Min. Lot Width without access to a Rear Lane16.5 m13.0 m8.5 m18.0 m .240.0 m
Min. Lot Width with access to a Rear Lane or Strata Road15.0 m12.0 m8.5 m18.0 m .240.0 m
Min. Lot Width for Corner Lots17.0 m15.0 m10.0 m20.0 m .240.0 m
Min. Lot Depth30.0 m27.0 m27.0 m30.0 m30.0 m
Min. Lot Area .1450 m2350 m2   .3255 m2540 m2  .24,000 m2
Min. Building Envelope Area150 m2130 m2n/a200 m2n/a
New lots must have access to side or rear lanenonoyesnono
FOOTNOTES (Section 11.4):
.1 Minimum lot width, lot depth, and lot area also apply to bareland strata lots.
.2 Where a lot is developed with a semi-detached housing form and is being subdivided along a party wall then: the minimum lot area is 270 m2, the minimum lot width is 10 m for corner lots, the minimum lot width is 9 m for all other lots, and the minimum building envelope area is 100 m2.
.3 The minimum lot area is 325 m2 when the lot has access to a rear lane or strata road.
Section 11.5 Development Regulations
Section 11.5 Development Regulations
m = metres / m2 = square metres
CriteriaZones
RU1 .1RU2 .1RU3 .1RU4 .1RU5 .1
Regulations that apply to all Buildings, Structures, and Uses
Max. Site Coverage of all Buildings40%40%40%40%40%
Max. Site Coverage of all Buildings, Structures, and Impermeable Surfaces70%70%70%70%70% .6
Lane RegulationsIf a lot is fronting onto a lane then vehicular access is only permitted from the lane.
Regulations that apply to all Principal Dwellings, Principal Use Buildings, and Principal Use Structures
Max. Height10.0 m10.0 m10.0 m10.0 m10.0 m
Max. Height for Buildings with Walkout BasementsFacing Front or Flanking Yard8.6 m8.6 m8.6 m8.6 m8.6 m
Rear Building Elevation12.5 m12.5 m12.5 m12.5 m12.5 m
Max. Gross Floor Area of a Third (3rd) Storey relative to the Second (2nd) Storey (this does not apply to Dwellings with Walkout Basements)70%
See example diagram Figure 5.11
70%
See example diagram Figure 5.11
70%
See example diagram Figure 5.11
70%
See example diagram Figure 5.11
70%
See example diagram Figure 5.11
Min. Front Yard and Flanking Yard Setback4.5 m .74.5 m .73.0 m4.5 m .74.5 m .5
Min. Front Yard and Flanking Yard Setback for any attached garage or carport6.0 m .26.0 m .2n/a6.0 m .26.0 m .5
Min.  Side Yard Setback2.1 m1.5 m1.2 m2.1 m .33.0 m .3 , .5
Min. Rear Yard Setback7.5 m6.0 m6.0 m7.5 m6.0 m .5
Min. Rear Yard Setback on Wide Lots4.5 m4.5 m4.5 m4.5 mn/a
Min. Setback between Principal Buildingsn/an/an/a2.5 m2.5 m
Regulations that apply to Carriage Houses, Accessory Buildings or Structures, and Secondary Suites
Max. Height for Carriage Houses5.4 m5.4 m5.4 m5.4 mn/a
Max. Height for Accessory Buildings or Structures4.8 m4.8 m4.8 m4.8 m4.8 m
Min. Front Yard Setback9.0 m9.0 m9.0 m9.0 m9.0 m .5
Min. Front Yard Setback for Double Fronting Lots6.0 m .26.0 m .2n/a6.0 m .2n/a
Min. Flanking Yard Setback4.5 m4.5 m4.5 m4.5 m4.5 m .5
Min. Side Yard Setback1.5 m1.5 m1.5 m1.5 m1.5 m .5
Min. Rear Yard setback1.5 m .41.5 m .41.5 m .41.5 m .41.5 m .5
Max. Net Floor Area for Single (1) Storey Carriage Houses100 m2100 m2n/a100 m2n/a
Max. Net Floor Area for Two (2) Storey Carriage Houses90 m290 m2n/a90 m2n/a
Max. Building Footprint for Single (1) Storey Carriage Houses100 m2100 m2n/a100 m2n/a
Max. Building Footprint for Two (2) Storey Carriage Houses90 m290 m2n/a90 m2n/a
Max. Building Footprint for Accessory Buildings or Structures90 m290 m290 m290 m290 m2
Max. Upper Storey Gross Floor Area for Two (2) Storey Carriage Houses70% of the carriage house footprint area
See example diagram Figure 5.9
70% of the carriage house footprint area
See example diagram Figure 5.9
n/a70% of the carriage house footprint area
See example diagram Figure 5.9
n/a
Max. Net Floor Area for Secondary Suites90 m290 m290 m290 m290 m2
Lit pathway requirement for Carriage Houses and Secondary SuitesA lighted pathway is required from the entrance of the carriage house and/or the secondary suite to the on-site parking space(s) and to the fronting street.
FOOTNOTES (Section 11.5):
.1 Site coverage, height, and setback regulations also apply to bareland strata lots.
.2 Setback shall be measured from edge of sidewalk closest to lot line. In situations without a sidewalk the setback shall be measured from the back of curb or edge of street (where pavement ends). However, the minimum setback from the lot line is 3.0 m.
.3 Side yard setbacks are not required for semi-detached on a lot line that has a party wall.
.4 When the rear yard is abutting a lane, the minimum rear yard setback is 0.9 m.
.5 The front, flanking, side, rear yard setback shall apply to the exterior lot lines of the site and not to the interior separations between single detached housing units and / or accessory structures within a building strata. 
.6 Private roadways that access more than two dwelling units excluded from the calculation of maximum site coverage of all buildings, structures, and impermeable surfaces.
.7 The front yard and flanking yard setbacks can be reduced to 3.0 m for lots within the Suburban Residential S-RES future land use designation identified in the OCP.